There are some risk factors that may increase the chance of developing this type of cancer. These include:

  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Diet high in animal fat
  • Diet containing high amounts of salted, cured, or poorly preserved foods
  • A diet low in fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Increasing age

Based on the known risk factors for GI cancer, there are things you can do to reduce your risk of developing cancer:

  • Do not smoke
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Be physically active
  • Eat a diet high in vegetables and fruit
  • Limit your intake of alcohol

For more information on nutrition recommendations and recipes, see Nutrition & Recipes